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March 2017
Aesthetics
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BASIC TECHNIQUES


The most commonly used movements for massaging are effleuragefriction, petrissage and tapotement.

Effleurage

This is how every massage begins. The hands, facing down, glide over the skin, one after another, constantly and in the direction of blood flow. The movements are slow and light and the idea is to establish a psychophysical connection with the patient, improve circulation and calm nerve tension.

Friction

Compared to effleurage, this is more energetic. This movement works more deeply, makes the tissues more elastic and reactivates venous and lymphatic absorption. The movements are lineal, slow and transversal according to the muscles being massaged. The fingers touch the outer layer of the skin but the internal layers of the skin benefit the most.

Petrissage

This movement works on the transversal axis of the muscle and involves alternating movements. It can remove tension that is deep inside the body and, at the same time, stimulate a large area of skin. It is mainly performed on areas of the body that are covered with a lot of muscle like the thighs, hips and buttocks. During this phase numerous actions are performed, ranging from squeezing the muscles to relaxing them, which allows for the removal of the waste products that make muscles fatigued.

Tapotement

This is based on a series of fast and rhythmic taps in the same place. The tapotement movements on the skin can be performed in one place and with the fingers or the whole hand. The effects are stimulating since they encourage vasodilatation and increase muscle contractility. It is usually performed at the end of a massage to give the skin tone.

  • See the zones where these different movements can be applied.

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