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April 2017
Beauty and makeup
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One cliché that has been overcome easily is that aesthetic treatments are long and boring. In fact, in recent years, new forms of cosmetics have been developed which make these practises easy, quick and fun. The main advantage of these new types of treatments is that, very often, you can apply them yourself and therefore there are no particular precautions to follow (if used properly).

Here are a few examples:

  • Strips for black heads - these are based on an adhesive technique that is similar to the fats that block follicles. After being applied, they are pulled off, removing the sebum blocking the follicle and any corneocytes that have formed. The special mix of resin, which the adhesive is made of, attaches itself to the blackhead and, in fact, it will be visible in the strip after removing it.
  • Anti-wrinkle strips – these come in all shapes and sizes and are for laugh lines, glabellar lines and the area around the eyes. They allow special substances (alpha hydroxy acids for example) to work in an intense, occlusive and localised way where needed. This is a very popular solution for modern women or women who have sensitive skin and who cannot risk undergoing intense and strong treatments.
  • Biphasic or multiphasic products – these often consist of two layers which are usually coloured with contrasting dyes to increase the surprise effect. The fluids mix together but then separate very quickly which is nice to watch but which also has an important role when removing make-up. By following the rule ‘like dissolves like’, these products remove both the parts that are soluble in water (hydrosoluble) and those that are soluble in fat (liposoluble). The advantage lies in the fact that normal cosmetics require a large amount of surfactant emulsifiers, which naturally tend to clean but also irritate delicate areas where applied and this can create marks and mild irritations, whilst these products do not. In fact, biphasic products are the most delicate products available today.
  • Self-heating masks – these make use of specific substances, such as zeolites and polyglycols, which heat up when they come into contact with water. From a chemical and physical point of view, this happens because these molecules, which are attracted to water, release energy in the form of heat. The increase in temperature encourages pilo-sebaceous follicles to dilate, which allows for deeper cleansing. What is more, given that the speed of the reaction between the chemical substances doubles with every increase of 10°C, the action of certain active ingredients is enhanced.

There are also hair products that contain fruit and minerals which have a repairing effect on the inside of damaged hair.

  • Masks using material pads – these are cotton pads made by compressing the material with steam and heat and special cosmetic solutions, and, as if by magic, it becomes a mask with holes and eyelets.
  • Cooling masks – the main chemical in these is similar to those used for heating masks, but it does the opposite. In this case, the molecules become colder in the solution because the reaction is guided by the level of ‘disorder’ the molecules can reach. The substances melt but, to do this, they must absorb heat from the outside. This typical reaction of certain salts, such as calcium chloride and ammonium nitrate, is taken advantage of to encourage the tensing and toning effect of low temperatures, which is useful when skin has become slack.
  • There are also cooling masks for tired eyes.

All these techniques, which you can apply yourself, will definitely be successful if carried out carefully and without exaggerating; for example, using heated masks in an incorrect way can cause very annoying skin irritation. Lastly, do not forget that, if you want safe and side-effect free results, it is best to go to an expert.


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