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May 2017
Fitness and sport
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Athletics is one of the oldest sports we know, it is practised all over the world and it is the pinnacle of the Olympic Games. This section will provide basic information on athletics, starting from its history and moving on to descriptions of the various events. This section will also include relative insights and specifics about training.

Athletics is divided into 4 sections:



Every event requires great athleticism, preparation and specific training. Professional levels can be reached after following long training programmes that require a lot of motivation in a sport that offers more sporting satisfaction, rather than financial satisfaction and it is for this reason that many professional athletes are considered ‘heroes’ by their fellow countrymen.

The history, which dates back to ancient times (the noun ‘atletica’ - athletics - referred to the series of events that formed the basis of the Olympic Games, which started in 776 BC in Greece) also contributes to the sacredness that these disciplines have.

Track and field
Results are only considered valid when they are realised during an official competition in which the equipment meets the I.A.A.F standards and the field (which is an surrounded by an oval shaped ring) is 400m long. The ring can contain 6-8 lanes (8 for international competitions) which are 1.22m wide and made of a synthetic rubber-resin material. The field events, that is the jumps (long jump, triple jump, high jump and pole vault) and throws (shot put, discus, hammer and javelin), are usually carried out inside the track.
The platforms where the shot put, discus and hammer are thrown from are circular. The latter two, because of the way the objects are thrown (in a circular motion and then launched forward), are surrounded by a metal cage and a protective net. The timing of the track events, which was once done manually, is today electronic (or automatic), precise to the millisecond and allows us to work out the exact time between the starter gun going off and when the runner leaves the starting blocks.


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