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April 2017
Psychology
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DEPRESSION

DEPRESSION - Looking for a definition

The history of depression is the history of mankind, however, the term connoting depression as a psychiatric syndrome was only introduced in the 1920s, by the German psychiatrist Meyer. Clarifying the definition of depression is absolutely necessary for its diagnosis. There are many literary and scientific descriptions used today, but the scientific usually accepted is provided by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders: the DSM IV of Major Depressive Episodes.

CAN YOU CURE DEPRESSION? HOW?

Scientific research indicates that a high percentage of people who suffer from depression (about 70%) respond positively to pharmaceutical treatment when the medicine is prescribed in correct doses and for the right length of time. This articles looks into the various types of medication used, which all have advantages, side effects and counterindications.

COGNITIVE THERAPY FOR DEPRESSION

Cognitive therapy is an active approach which is limited over time, structured, flexible, humanistic, orientated at promoting insight and is used to treat a variety of psychiatric disorders, such as depression, anxiety, phobias and obsessions. Cognitive therapy is based on the idea that affection and the patient’s behaviour are largely determined by the way in which these aspects structure his/her vision of the world and him/herself.

POST-NATAL DEPRESSION

Post-natal depression is a particular form of a nervous disorder which affects some women 4/5 days after giving birth, lasts for various lengths of time and it can even turn into a real form of depression, which is sometimes accompanied by forms of psychosis.

DEPRESSION AND THE ELDERLY

There are many reasons why the elderly may get depressed, however, getting depressed in old age makes the elderly 3-4 times more likely to suffer a heart attack and research has shown that one in four old people is depressed. Furthermore, more elderly men are depressed than women.

DEATH AND DEPRESSION

Overcoming the death of a loved one is very difficult and, in some cases, but fortunately quite rarely, it can trigger depressive syndromes. However, normal reactions to death must not be confused with signs of depression, even if they are very similar.

DEPRESSION AND EXERCISE

Physical exercise treats depression by inducing the body to release endorphins, reducing the levels of cortisol in the blood, helping us to look at life in an optimistic way, giving us a sense of satisfaction and increasing levels of serotonin.

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