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April 2017
Sexology
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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDs)

Introduction

Immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDs) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and, quite rightly, it is focused on more often, however other STDs and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), like syphilis, gonorrhoea, Candidiasis, Chlamydia and hepatitis B and C are also serious. Prevention of these diseases and illnesses is fundamental for decreasing cases of infection. This article provides a detailed introduction on the subject.

CANDIDIASIS

This involves an inflammation in the vaginal region caused by a fungus (Candida albicans) which is normally present in small quantities in the vagina. However, when the efficiency of the immune system is lowered, it proliferates considerably causing problems for the individual's health.

GENITAL WARTS

These warts are verruca like skin growths that tend to affect the genital areas of both men (the glande and, less frequently, underneath the foreskin, body of the penis and scrotum) and women (perineum, vulva, vagina and uterus entrance). They are generally caused by the HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus) and they are mainly transmitted through sexual activity.

GONORRHOEA

Gonorrhoea is an infection caused by a Gram-negative bacteria called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections therefore keeping it under control is a priority for public health and exposing it is absolutely compulsory.

SYPHILIS

According to tradition, syphilis was brought to Europe from America by Christopher Columbus’s sailors and then it was brought to Italy by Charles VIII‘s army causing an epidemic that swept across Europe towards the end of the late 1400s. The discovery of penicillin meant that this disease, which could cause death and desperation, was curable.

AIDS

AIDs is a terrible illness because existing treatment is not able to eradicate it and because the infection is relatively easy to catch. The fact that the virus can be transmitted sexually or through imprudent behaviour related to drug use gives it an aura of negativity and sometimes guilt. Those affected by it, or who are HIV positive, should be assisted and cared for just like they would be if suffering from any other disease and they should not be surrounded by a climate of disapproval, but rather understanding.


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